Monday, 20 February 2012


Editor’s Note

The grammar of Sanskrit language has its own peculiarities that not to be found in any other language, not only in this country but in the whole world. Pataµjali, in his महाभाष्य, defined व्याकरण as “लक्ष्यलक्षणे व्याकरणम्.” Prof. K.V.Abhyankar in his ‘A Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar’ had explained the meaning of  व्याकरण   as: 1. Analysis or explanation by analysis. 2. Rules of explanation. 3. Specific rules to explain formation of words. 4. Explanation of the foundation rules. 5. A treatise in which such an explanation is given. 6. A collection of such treatises. 7. A systematic explanation of the formation of words in a language.
The Sanskrit grammar is not ‘सूत्रपाठ’ alone. It includes धातुपाठ, परिभाषापाठ and लिङ्गानुशासनपाठ. Due to its comprehensiveness, it became known as “ व्याकरण ” and has occupied the foremost place among the six vedangas. पाणिनीयशिक्ष too described ‘ व्याकरण ’ as the ‘mouth of Veda’. This view was expressed by पतञ्जलि in his  महाभाष्य  i.e., प्रधानं च षट्स्वङ्गेषु व्याकरणम् . Bhartrhari also stated in his वाक्यपदीय about the supremacy of  व्याकरण  among the auxiliary sciences of the Vedas viz., प्रधानं छन्दसमङ्गं प्राहुर्व्याकरणं बुधाः. According to him the knowledge of grammar is the shortest path for the attainment of the supreme essence of the world and is absolutely necessary for the attainment of liberation and purification of speech. 

Sabda and Dhvani: Grammatic and Philosophic Perspectives.
The science of Grammar enunciates correct words as distinct from incorrect words.1 Vyakarana is a system of philosophy and also it is a darsana. The darsana is defined as that by which the true nature of this universe is revealed 2.The Vedenta philosophy upholds the view that the root cause of the whole universe is Brahman and the external world is only a vivarta of it. According to grammarians the root cause of the universe is áabdabrahman, ved¡ntins called it as Brahman. Thus we can say that the Vyakarana is a darsana which reveals the concept of sabdabrahman.   Read More

Development of  form in painting:  Modern period in Kerala

The man who introduces to public himself as a painter, sculptor or artist does it subsequent to making an assessment and evaluation himself against the then prevailing cultural conditions in the society where he lives in. The qualities he holds are unique in comparison with some basic values acceptably prevailing in the social backgrounds.  The artist himself finds contemplation from the unique specialties he owns and also the merits he creates from that fastidious style of living.  Read More

The Hegemonic Discourse in Kalidasa’s Play Vikramorvasiyam
Dr. Raji B. Nair
The contemporary times compel us to inquire into the politics of everything.  Language and literature have especially become political as they can be reckoned as vehicles carrying ideologies of multiple sorts.  This awareness is in fact a consequence of the enhancing notion among the academia of the structures of power and domination that are at work in all walks of life.  A work of art is no exception as it also happens to be a discursive formulation. Read More

Vision of the ultimate truth in the city and the river
Dr.P.Chandra Mohan
Arun Joshi’s last novel The City and The River (1990) also centres around the basic principles of Hindu Philosophy which teaches an affirmative attitude to life.  The novel presents before us a city which is in jaws of destruction due to its people who never  seek the righteous way of living.  Though the city dealt with is apparently contemporary, the issues which Joshi has raised are cosmic and philosophical throughout the novel, there is a conflict “allegiance, to God” and “the allegiance to Man” or in other words between religion and politics.  The city dwellers adopt a wrong path and face their doom.  The river that flows by the side of the city represents nature and it takes the shape of an irrepressible ocean and sweeps away the city.
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Indian Philosophical Overtones in the Theistic Existentialism of Karl Jaspers
 The eastern and western perspectives on the concept of self differ in many respects and the questions regarding the human self continue to be the issues of discussion among the philosophical thinkers concerned with human existence. While the ancient Indian philosophy asserts the immutability of the self, Existentialism, the post-war philosophical development emphasizes the ever-evolving quality of the self. Again human self and human nature are considered as two separate entities by certain philosophers while they are regarded as identical by some others. Read More

The Concept of Yoga in Bhagavad Gita
Dr. P. Sheela
 The word yoga is understood by the larger world as a Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility, and also as a system of exercises practiced as part of this discipline to promote control of the body and mind. (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language) But by the word yoga the modern world understands a system of physical exercises like Tai Chi the Chinese system of exercise which has been described as a moving form of yoga and meditation combined. The fact remains that yoga in fact is a key concept of Bhagavad Gita which is considered as representing the very essence of the Upanishads upon which is based the most precious legacy of Indian culture.
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Contemporary Yoga
Among Indian systems of thought, especially orthodox systems, the yoga system of patanjali emphasized the importance of ethics. The philosophy of yoga says that realization of the true nature of purusha and prakrti will lead to moksha, the cessation of birth cycle. Meditation and ethics of yoga were acceptable to all schools of Indian thought. Sankaracharya, who rejected the metaphysics of yoga accepted ashtanga yoga and samadhi saying they were Vedic. Read More

Legitimisation of illegitimate children in Anciant indian jurisprudence
Dr K.Viswanathan
Illegitimacy is a major problem in any society irrespective of time and place.The modern judicial system provides such child an opportunity to prove theirparentage andclaim for the livelihoodbut this is not a noble method. The child will be humiliatedin many ways during the procedure. Not only during the procedure, but in social life also, the strain of humiliation will be uncountable. Read More

Astika and nastika darsanas: A  genealogical approach
The beginning of Philosophy is as old as the human race. Modern science tries to get the fruits of eternal truth through experiments. But Indian Philosophy tries to realize the eternal truth through means of knowledge (pramanas). The Philosophers in India tried to examine all the categories (padarthas) in this universe.
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Ecology in Buddhism
Dr. S. Sureshkumar
Ecology is the branch of science that concerned with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings. Ecology has two major dimensions: internal and external. Buddhism has tried to maintain a better balance between the two. The principal concepts in Buddhism like the Middle Path, the Pancasilas, the Brahmaviharas and Bodhisattvas are suggestive of this fact. In Buddhism, ecology is non-violent and gentle attitude to nature. According to Buddhism everything is in a continuous flux.  Read More

A  Philosophical Approach to Service in the Light of UpaniÀadic Thought
Dr. Nishad T.S
The Upanishads, considered as the essence of the Vedas, are the treasures of Indian wisdom.  In the Upanishads, there is an intelligible body of verified and verifiable spiritual insights mixed with myths and legends and cosmological speculations relating to the nature and origin of the universe.  The spiritual insights of the Upanishads are an exception to the tyranny of time.  Subsequent scientific advances have not only not affected their truth –value but have only helped to reveal the rational basis of their insights and enhance their spiritual appeal.  The insights of Upanishads are the products of an equally scientific investigation into a different field of experience, namely the world of man’s inner life. Read More

The Six Rupakas of  Vatsaraja
Dr. C.S.Sasikumar
Vatsaraja  or Amatya Vatsaraja is the auhtor of six Rupakas in different types. In whole range of Sanskrit Literature, no author excepting the famous dramatist Bhasa, who written so many dramas, all of a diverse nature. Like Bhasa,  he has enjoyed in composing  the rare and short Rupakas like ihamrga, Samavakara, dima, Vyayoga, Bhana and Prahasana. Read More

The Imagination of Kalidasa and the Place Description in Meghasandesa
Kalidasa is a great poet who painted the pervading beauty of the Indian ethos in the eternal stream of his poetry with utmost purity. His is unmistakably the single-most important influence on Indian literary sensibility. The poetry of Kaidasa remains an integral aspect of the literary culture of the Indian literary enthusiast. His works are the power source of the periodic culture and they have become symbolic of Indian culture itself.
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Philosophy of Brhadaranyka upanishad
Bhuvaneswary Kunjamma.V.R
In the Indian tradition the word Philosophy is termed as “darshana” which means seeing or experiencing. This indicates that the aim of philosophy in India is the direct experience of ultimate reality.  Read More

Vision of Ranganathananda on the  Limitations of   Logical Reason
Logical reason or yukti(tarka) is the fundamental concept of almost all Indian traditional branches of knowledge.It is the study of the form of correct arguments and inference patterns developed in India from the methodology of Philosophical debate.The knack of conducting Philosophical debate was very much popular in Ancient India. Read More

Interpretation of the Epic Character Iravan by Pantalam Kerala Varma
The most important work among the epics is Mah¡bh¡rata. The history of Bhishma, Pandavas, Kauravas etc is clearly described by Vyasa. Mahabharata(MBH) describes about the marriage of Arjuna with Serpent lady named Ulupi and the birth of their son Iravan, is also well known. Read More

Special features in Manuscript Writing  
Ushus K.Unnikrishnan
Manuscripts are available in almost all written languages of the world. Manuscriptology, the scientific study of manuscripts, is therefore relevant in global context and is an important component of cultural studies today. Manuscriptology as a well-defined academic discipline has only a comparatively recent origin.  Awareness of manuscripts among the public is very poor in Indiaand this has lead to great damage to the wealth of manuscripts in the country. Read More

Numeral Adverbs in Sanskrit 
Language is a system of human communication through the structured use of words. It has a particular system or style. The aim of spoken language is to pass ideas and expressions. Knowledge of word meaning and experience are the only need of spoken method to explore once speech. It can be possible to communicate without a specific grammar. Read More

Indra in Rig Veda and Later Puranic Literature
Smitha . K

The vedic people in the formative part of their civilizations chose natural phenomena for their worship. They have classified gods as, gods, who are eleven in heaven who are eleven in the earth and who are eleven dwelling with glory in mid air. Read More

Mandanamate sphotasvarupam
R.D.Sunil Kumar

Bhasakalidasayoh Subhashitanam Samajikaprabhavah
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Bharatiyadarshaneshu Khyativadah
Dr.M.S.Muralidharan Pillai

Bhasakalidasayoh Natakeshu Stripatrani

Buddhacharitamahakavye Samkhyadarshanavalokanam
Suvarninidevi. E

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Ayurvede Prameha Vicharah

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