VOL IV BOOK III-IV
July December 2012
The Anomaly Between Logic And Experience in The Functioning of Perception (Pratyaksha) in Nyaya-Vaiseshika
Dr. G. Ramamoorthy
Pramana śāstra (Epistemology or theory of knowledge) is a very important branch of study in Philosophy. This deals with the problem concerning with the origin, nature, means, validity, limits and conditions of knowledge.
According to nyāya-vaiśeṣika the term pramāṇam is defined as ‘uncommon cause of valid knowledge’. Hence pramāṇam (Means of knowledge) is very important and a defect in pramana will reflect in knowledge, like a defect in a measuring yard affects the accuracy of measurement.
The Sāṁkhya as Portrayed in the Mahābhārata
Dr. K.V. Suresh
In the history of religious beliefs in ancient India, philosophical and speculative thought played a very important role. The University of Life, so rich in its complexities and so deeply interconnected with the complex modern life, was a heritage of the Vedic schools of thought in the later phase. There existed various philosophical schools of which Vedanta, Sāṁkhya and Lokāyata could be considered as representative of the three major schools of thought. In its all-comprehensive dimension the Mahābhārata compares with, and owes its existence to, the Vedas. While the Vedanta school was theistic (believing in the existence of God), the Lokāyata school was materialistic and atheistic (believing in the existence of only those things whose existence could be seen, heard, felt, tasted and smelt). The Sāṁkhya School was compromise between the other two schools.
The Contribution of Sanskrit Literature in the Writing of Kerala History
Kerala is an inseparable part of India. The culture of Kerala has always enriched the broader culture of India; The peculiarities of geographical location and natural features have contributed towards the development of Kerala’s distinct identity.
The Philosophy of Patañjali
Patañjali, a highly intellectual person who worked in philosophy and Grammar. The Sanskrit grammar has also philosophical aspects. He put forward this aspects of grammar introduced a separate branch of philosophy, namely yoga philosophy.The Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali n the elaborated Aṣṭādhyāyi of pāṇini is one of the three most important works inSanskrit grammar. The Mahābhāṣya symbolizes the perfection of the discipline in grammar.
Methodology and Parameters in the Literary approach of Prof. M.P.Sankunni Nair
M.P.Sankunni Nair (1917-2006) was a unique genius in the field of literary criticism in Malayalam. He was not popular nor well-known though he had definite idea about Eastern and Western Literary theories. He used Eastern and Western Literary devices for his literary analysis which is not the one given him more reputation as a critic, but the specimen of his works are concerned with the criticisms which are concentrated on the intellectual background of those given literary texts.
Rasamādhurī: An Analytical Study
Rasamādhurī written by Ottur Unni Namputirippad is a collection of nine poems. As the name suggests the work shares with readers the sweetness of bhaktirasa. This book contains a number of beautiful poetic imaginations. It can be seen that unlike his Malayalam poems verbal embellishments also have an important role in the aesthetic enjoyment of this work. The work fresh in its form and content, marks a new bhāvukatva in Sanskrit poetry. Poet’s multi-faced knowledge also has made a harmony in his poems. This paper enquires the striking elements in Ottur’s poetry analyzing his work –Rasamādhurī
Aṣṭamīmahotsavacampu of Melputtur Nārāyaṇabhaṭṭa
Melputtur Nārāyaṇabhaṭṭa is one of the greatest scholar poets that Kerala has ever produced. He was a grammarian and a great authority on Vedas, Mīmāṁsa, Nyāya, Epics and Purāṇas. He has written several works on diverse subjects literary as well as scientific. These include Stotras, śāstra works, Praśastis, Muktakas and Campūs. His contribution to the field of Sanskrit Camp£ literature is much noteworthy. More than twenty five Campūs, generally called as Prabandhas, are attributed to him. Most of them are written with a purpose to present on the Kerala Sanskrit theatre, Kūttu or Pāṭhakam. There is a story that several of them were composed at the special request of his friend Kuṭṭanñceri Iraviccākyār whom he refers as Ravinata. And so almost all these Prabandhas have their theme adapted from Itihāsas and Purāṇas.
A Study on the Semblances Between Quantum Physics and Advaita
The modern era is in need for a scientific orientation of spirituality and a spiritual orientation of science. Science and spirituality are complementary to each other, and hence for the last three decades, efforts have been made to find parallels between the two disciplines. Some overlapping areas of interest have been detected between science and transcendentalism; physics and metaphysics; medical sciences and mediation,; quantum physics and mysticism, concentrates on the semblances between quantum physics and Advaita.
Dr. P.V. Rajee
Ancient Indian jurisprudence is known as ‘Vyavahāra’ Dharmaśāstra - a term derived from the Vedās, Purāṇas, Smṛtis and other ancient works. Dharma means the science of righteousness and is derived etymologically from the root dhṛ = to hold. There is no corresponding word in any other language for dharma.
मोक्षसामग्र्यां भक्तिरेव गरीयसीति भगवत्पादानां वाक्यप्रामाण्यादेव भक्त्यद्वैतवेदान्तयो सुतरां सम्बन्धोऽस्तीति सिद्ध्यति। मोक्षं प्रति ारणसामग्रीषु भक्तिरप्यो। अर्थात ार्यारणभावसम्बन्धो मोक्षभक्त्योर्मध्ये वर्तते। चित्तवृत्तिविशेष एव भक्ति, अखण्डार्थचित्त-वृत्तिविशेष ब्रह्मज्ञानम्। यस्य भक्त्यात्मि चित्तवृत्तिरिस्त, तस्य श्रवणादिद्वारा अखण्डार्थचित्तवृत्तिरपि सुलभसाध्या भवति। न चित्तवृत्तिं विना भक्ति, न ब्रह्मज्ञानम्। विलक्षणचित्तवृत्तिविशेषौ द्वावपि।
कथकली नाट्यशास्त्रं किं अवलम्बते? पर्यालोचना
भारतीय नाट्यनृत्तनृत्यादिषु विविख्यातिं सम्प्राप्ता नाटपा थली। एषा तु 'कूटियाट्टं’ नाम केरलीय लापस्य परिष्कृताविषर:। दृश्य - दृश्यश्रव्यादि त्रिमानदर्शनसहितोऽयं (तौर्यत्रिकं) नाटविशेषः। आङ्गि - वाचि - सात्वि - आहार्यादि चतुर्विधाभिनयसङ्केतैः निबद्धे अस्मिन् कलारूपे सत्वरजस्तमो गुण पात्रप्रदर्शनाय समुचितमाहार्यं चोपयुज्यते (पच्च, कत्ति, करि, ताटि इत्यादयः)। मुखे वर्णालङ्कारैस्समं 'चुट्टि’ नाम्ना प्रसिद्धमुखालङरमपि प्रयुज्यते। नेत्रयोस्तथा मुखपेशीनां च सूक्ष्मचलनै ल्लनाटप्रपञ्चमिस्मन्द्रष्टं शक्यते।
पाणिनीयविकरणप्रत्ययाः - एकमनुशीलनम्।
‘‘व्याक्रियन्ते व्युत्पाद्यन्ते शब्दाः अनेन’’ (म. भा. प. पृ. 60) इति व्याकरणम्। वि आङ पूर्वक कृ धातो करणार्थे ‘ल्युट्’ प्रत्यये व्याकरणशब्दस्य निष्पत्तिः भवति। व्याकरणं नाम शब्दानुशासनम्।